The Gender Asset Gap project was created in 2009 to demonstrate the importance and feasibility of collecting individual-level data on women’s and men’s access to and ownership of property. The fielded surveys were representative at the national level for Ecuador and Ghana and at the level of the state for Karnataka, India. These data sets have been used to calculate measures of the gender asset and wealth gaps for these three countries. Analysis of the data is now underway to provide methodological insights that will inform future collection and presentation of individual-level asset data.
A parallel strand of analysis is to identify the critical enabling or constraining social, economic and institutional factors affecting women's asset ownership, as well as to establish how women’s ownership of assets affects development outcomes. In addition, the project is working with government statistical agencies, international organizations and civil society organizations to find ways to collect better data and use it to strengthen women’s property rights.
The project is housed at the Centre of Public Policy (CPP) at the Indian Institute of Management Bangalore (IIMB). The project team leaders are Hema Swaminthan, IIMB; Abena D. Oduro, University of Ghana; Carmen Diana Deere, University of Florida; Cheryl Doss, Yale University; and Caren Grown, American University. FLACSO-Ecuador hosted the field work in Ecuador.
Initial funding, including data collection, for this project was provided by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs under the MDG3 Fund for gender equality (Grant Number IN224/2008). The UN Foundation supported the project in 2011, and current funders include the Vanguard Charitable Endowment Program and UN Women.